Difference between revisions of "Tulpa"

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From 1911-1925 Belgian-French explorer, spiritualist, and Buddhist Alexandra David-Néel observed these practices.<ref name="Campbell">{{Cite book|url=https://openlibrary.org/works/OL2284657W/Body_mind_spirit|title=Body, mind & spirit: a dictionary of New Age ideas, people, places, and terms|last=Campbell|first=Eileen|date=1994|publisher=C.E. Tuttle Co.|isbn=080483010X|edition=Rev. and expanded ed.|location=Boston}}</ref> She reported tulpas are "magic formations generated by a powerful concentration of thought."<ref name="David-Néel">{{Cite book|url=https://openlibrary.org/books/OL8796282M/Magic_and_Mystery_in_Tibet|title=Magic and Mystery in Tibet|last=David-Néel|first=Alexandra|date=February 2000|publisher=Book Tree|isbn=9781585090976}}</ref> David-Néel wrote that "an accomplished Bodhisattva is capable of effecting ten kinds of magic creations. The power of producing magic formations, tulkus or less lasting and materialized tulpas, does not, however, belong exclusively to such mystic exalted beings. Any human, divine or demoniac being may be possessed of it. The only difference comes from the degree of power, and this depends on the strength of the concentration and the quality of the mind itself."<ref name="David-Néel"/>
The Western occult understanding of the concept of "thoughtform" is believed by some to have originated as an interpretation of the Tibetan concept of "tulpa".<ref name ="Ashcroft-Nowicki" /> The concept is related to the Western philosophy and practice of magic (or magick). Occultist William Walker Atkinson in his book ''The Human Aura'' described thought-forms as simple ethereal objects emanating from the auras surrounding people, generating from their thoughts and feelings.<ref name="Panchadasi">{{Cite book|url=https://openlibrary.org/works/OL13125069W/The_Human_Aura_Astral_Colors_and_Thought_Forms|title=The Human Aura: Astral Colors and Thought Forms|last=Panchadasi|first=Swami|date=1916|publisher=Advanced Thought Publishing Co.|year=1916|isbn=|location=London, England|pages=}}</ref> He further elaborated in Clairvoyance and Occult Powers how experienced practitioners of the occult can produce thoughtforms from their auras that serve as astral projections which may or may not look like the person who is projecting them, or as illusions that can only be seen by those with "awakened astral senses".<ref name="Panchadasi" /> The theosophist Annie Besant, in her book ''Thought-forms'', divides them into three classes: forms in the shape of the person who creates them, forms that resemble objects or people and may become "ensouled" by "nature spirits" or by the dead, and forms that represent "inherent qualities" from the astral or mental planes, such as emotions.<ref name="Besant">{{Cite book|title=Thought-Forms|last=Besant|first=Annie|publisher=THE THEOSOPHICAL PUBLISHING HOUSE LTD|year=1901|isbn=|location=LONDON|pages=}}</ref>
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